Chemistry Basics & Applications

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Chemistry unit plan focussing on the broad subject of what chemistry is and involves.
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Year 10 Chemistry Lesson Plan: Introduction to Chemistry


This lesson plan is designed for Year 10 students in New Zealand, following the New Zealand Curriculum standards for science. It aims to introduce students to the basic concepts and the significance of Chemistry as a scientific discipline.

Curriculum Area:

- Learning Area: Science
- Strand: Material World
- Curriculum Level: 5

Lesson Duration:

- Total Duration: 50 minutes
- Class Size: 21 students

Learning Objectives:

By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:
1. Define Chemistry and understand its role and importance in the natural and physical world.
2. Identify common chemicals and their everyday uses.
3. Understand the basic safety protocols in a chemistry laboratory.


- Chemistry textbooks
- Periodic table charts
- Laboratory equipment (beakers, test tubes, safety goggles, lab coats)
- Safety information posters
- Computer and projector for presentations

Lesson Plan:

Introduction (10 minutes)

- Activity: Begin with a short interactive quiz on common household chemicals and their uses to engage students and assess prior knowledge.
- Discussion: Briefly discuss what Chemistry is and why it is an essential field of study.

Lesson Development (30 minutes)

Part 1: Understanding Chemistry (10 minutes)

- Presentation: Use slides to introduce basic Chemistry concepts:
- Definition of Chemistry.
- An overview of chemical reactions, elements, compounds, and mixtures.
- Brief introduction to the periodic table. (Resource link to the Interactive Periodic Table)
- Activity: Students to group and list as many elements as they can recall from the periodic table.

Part 2: Chemistry in Everyday Life (10 minutes)

- Discussion and Presentation: Explain how Chemistry is involved in everyday products - from cooking food to cleaning and health products.
- Activity: Students brainstorm and share examples of chemical reactions they encounter daily.

Part 3: Safety in Chemistry (10 minutes)

- Presentation: Go through the basic safety rules in a Chemistry lab. (Resource for NZ specific safety guidelines can be found at Science Safety Resource)
- Demonstration: Show correct ways to wear safety gear and handle laboratory equipment.

Conclusion and Reflection (10 minutes)

- Reflection: Ask students to think about and share how learning Chemistry might benefit them in their future careers or daily life.
- Homework Assignment: Students to write a short essay about the role of Chemistry in everyday life and submit it by the next class.


- Participation in activities and discussion.
- Quiz results from the introductory activity.
- Evaluation of the homework assignment for understanding of Chemistry's applications.

Additional Notes:

- Ensure all students actively participate in laboratory activities under close supervision.
- Emphasise on the practical applications of Chemistry to keep the subject relevant and exciting.
- Utilising visual aids and hands-on activities will enhance understanding and retention of key concepts.

This lesson plan aligns with the New Zealand Curriculum and aims to provide a foundational understanding of Chemistry, ensuring safety and relevance to everyday life. Make sure to constantly check for understanding and keep the lesson interactive and student-centred.
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