History, Impact, Sustainability of Tourism

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Plan 4 level 3 geography lessons that focus on the history of tourism in general, the impacts of tourism on people and places, and the sustainability of tourism, using contexts from New Zealand and internationally. Can you include activities.
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Lesson Plan for Year 13 Geography: The History and Impact of Tourism


This lesson plan for Year 13 students in New Zealand focuses on the history of tourism, its impacts on people and places, as well as the sustainability of tourism. The sessions will use both New Zealand and international contexts, adhering to the New Zealand Curriculum standards for Social Sciences at Level 3.

Subject: Geography
Year Level: 13
Duration: Four lessons, each 46 minutes
Class Size: 25 students
Curriculum Area: Social Sciences, Geography, Level 3
Focus: History of Tourism, Impacts of Tourism, Sustainability of Tourism


Lesson 1: Introduction to the History of Tourism


- Understand the evolution of tourism from historical times to the present.
- Recognize key milestones in the development of tourism in New Zealand and globally.


1. Timeline Creation (15 minutes)

- Students will create a timeline in groups that illustrates key events in the history of global tourism and New Zealand tourism. Utilize resources from the NZHistory website.

2. Discussion (15 minutes)

- Discuss how historical events have shaped tourist attractions in New Zealand and internationally.

3. Reflection (10 minutes)

- Students write a brief reflection on how understanding the history of tourism can provide insights into current tourism trends.

4. Homework

- Students to research and prepare a presentation on a significant event in the history of tourism that impacted a specific region.


Lesson 2: Impacts of Tourism on People and Places


- Analyse the economic, social, and environmental impacts of tourism.
- Investigate case studies in New Zealand and another country.


1. Group Research and Presentation (20 minutes)

- Groups research and present on the impacts of tourism in Queenstown (NZ) and Venice (Italy). Focus on the differences in economic, social, and environmental impacts.

2. Interactive Quiz (10 minutes)

- Conduct a quiz based on their presentations to reinforce key points and engage the entire class.

3. Discussion (10 minutes)

- Debate: "Is tourism more beneficial or harmful to local communities?"

4. Exit Ticket (1 minute)

- Students write down one new thing they learned about the impact of tourism.


Lesson 3: Sustainability in Tourism


- Understand what sustainable tourism is.
- Explore strategies for promoting sustainable tourism practices.


1. Case Study Analysis (15 minutes)

- Analyse the sustainability practices at the Milford Sound Tourism operation (NZ). Resource provided: Official Milford Sound Tourism.

2. Group Discussion (15 minutes)

- Groups discuss and list out sustainable practices that could be implemented in other tourist locations they know or have visited.

3. Role Play (10 minutes)

- Role play a scenario where tourists and locals discuss ways to improve tourism sustainability in a small NZ town.

4. Reflection and Feedback (5 minutes)

- Students reflect on how sustainable practices can change the future of tourism in NZ.


Lesson 4: Evaluating the Future of Tourism


- Predict future trends in tourism based on historical data and current sustainability practices.
- Evaluate the potential future challenges and opportunities for the tourism industry.


1. Future Trends Brainstorming (15 minutes)

- Students use information from previous lessons to brainstorm potential future trends in tourism both globally and in NZ.

2. Group Debate (15 minutes)

- Debate topic: "Will sustainable tourism become the mainstream form of tourism in the next decade?"

3. Project Presentation (10 minutes)

- Groups present their analysis on a sustainable tourism project idea that could be implemented in NZ.

4. Course Wrap-up and Discussion (5 minutes)

- Discussion on what they have learned throughout these lessons and how it can be applied outside of school.


This detailed and structured approach will provide Year 13 Geography students with comprehensive knowledge on the history, impacts, and sustainability of tourism, fitting perfectly within the requirements of the New Zealand Curriculum.
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